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White-Ants Pest Control Guide into the main damaging white-ant species in Australia; your pest control options and consumer protection advice.
Subterranean termites can also be known as"WHITE-ANTS" in Australia are a highly destructive timber pest, causing major structural timber damage to buildings.
Recent APCA Industry polls suggest about one in four of unprotected properties in Australia will be attacked by subterranean termites (white-ants) during the life span of this building.
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Intense structural timber damage to Australian homes is on the increase because of more houses being built of materials and designs that encourage hidden termite entry and infestation.
Super-Efficient White-ants are known to destroy the majority of the wall and roof framing structural timbers of a house within 3 months of construction.
Wide-spread Damage White-ants are estimated to cause more structural timber damage to houses in Australia than from fire, floods, storms and tempest, combined.
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White-ants happen throughout the Australian mainland, with a high incidence of attack in almost all urban areas.
Home insurance does NOT cover the repair costs of harm brought on by white-ant infestations in a home and commercial buildings in Australia.
White Ants have a Central Colony - Subterranean Termites AKA"White-ants" build a central colony nest from which they construct underground tunnels that radiate through the land in about a 100 metre radius in search of cellulose timber food sources... maybe your property.
Picture on left includes a Timber Pest inspector examining an above ground white-ant subsidiary nest inside a wall cavity.
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White-Ants often build such above ground nests, where moisture collects in the wall cavity, for example, from leaking pipes, shower recess or faulty guttering, etc..
Picture shows a large mud shelter tube constructed by White-Ants up a a brick foundation wall in the sub floor of a cabin.
White-Ants travel in these mud shelter tubes as protection from predators, sun-burn, dehydration and to maintain a high humidity environment which is essential for their survival.
White-Ants are highly secretive insects preferring to enter a building through areas inaccessible to inspection, including, through in-fill patios, fire heaths, expansion joints and cracks in concrete slab (on-ground) flooring.
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The smallest of openings white-ants can pass through a 2 millimeter crack or expansion joint eating through rubber compound between adjoining concrete (on ground)n flooring. White-ants often travel under parquetry and floor tiles for the wall framing timbers.
White-ants are not"ants" whatsoever - white-ants are ground dwelling timber eating insects originating from ancient cockroaches. The earliest ever found was in Arizona preserved in amber fluid and dated in the 220 million years old (been dead along time!) .
Interdependent caste system within a white-ant nest there are members of different castes, each with a different function but interdependent part to do including the queen, king, the winged swarmer or reproductive (young king and queen), soldiers and employees.
The one that really does the damage; they are a creamy translucent colour, soft bodied and carry out all work in the nest, including gathering food (timber and other cellulose); constructing tunnels; repairing and enlarging the White-ants colony nest; grooming each other and feeding the soldiers, the king, queen and also caring for the young nymphs until mature. .
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Employee white-ants are 3 mm to 4 mm long, have no wings, are sterile and blind; operate 24 hours per day for many years life span in some species.
With mandibulate pinchers that they use to conquer an attacker, like ants; a few have hard pointed snout which yank on a white sticky latex to ensnare their enemies.
Commonly seen when they swarm on a hot humid summer evening around dusk - they have eyes and therefore are poor fliers but are swept along by the wind - they land, drop their wings, find a mate to become king and queen of a new white-ant colony.
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Nest is close by and a thorough inspection and report to Australian Standard 3660 with a termite
White-ants constantly groom and feed each other. A useful technique for your white-ant pest controller is to instal and monitor a white-ant termite useful content baiting system next to any live activity found in and around the premises where white-ants are foraging. Subsequent inspections (preferably monthly) may reveal dead or sick employee white-ants, they change colour to a mottle look since they spread the white-ant bait to other white-ants leading to the eventual elimination of the entire wqhite-ant colony...
in the colony including the queen. With a sufficient dosage taken back into the nest can lead to the
It is essential for the white ant inspector to correctly identify the species of white ant found in a building or surrounds. Some white ant species will not attack dry seasoned timbers, whilst others are highly harmful to building timbers in a quick amount of time.